On Rights of LGBTQAI+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Asexual, Intersect, plus)

In June 2018, the Supreme Court of the Philippines conducted two rounds of oral arguments on a 2015 petition filed by lawyer Jesus Nicardo Falcis III, who described himself in the pleading as “an open and self-identified homosexual.” His plea sought to declare as unconstitutional portions of the Family Code of the Philippines which “define and limit marriage as between man and woman.”

The just-concluded oral arguments on legalizing same-sex marriage mark a historic first in the Philippines, opening the legal discussion of a taboo in Asia’s bastion of Catholicism.

Acts of Violence, Discrimination, and Other Abuses Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

National laws neither criminalize consensual same-sex sexual conduct nor prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Twenty-four cities or municipalities have a version of an antidiscrimination ordinance that protects lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender–but not intersex–rights.

Officials prohibit transgender individuals from self-reporting their gender on passport applications. Authorities print the sex assigned at birth, as reported on the certificate of birth, in the individual’s passport, which posed difficulty for transgender persons seeking to travel, including instances of transgender individuals forced from planes.

NGOs reported incidents of discrimination and abuse against LGBTI persons, including in employment , education, health care, housing, and social services.